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Το «μοντέλο Κύπρος» ως… λύση του Μεσανατολικού

‘Αντιφωνητής’
«Το «μοντέλο Κύπρος» ως… λύση του Μεσανατολικού»
13 Οκτωβρίου 2009

Πραγματικά εδώ γελάμε. Για χρόνια τώρα ακούμε ότι “το κυπριακό θα λυθεί στην βάση του ‘χ’ μοντέλου.” Πότε Βέλγιο και πότε Ταϊβάν. Ξέρατε όμως ότι υπάρχει και “μοντέλο Κύπρου”; Τι την ψάχνουμε την λύση αφού γίναμε και υποδειγματική διπλωματική ανάλυση; Αφού γίναμε πλέον “μοντέλο”;

O Avigdor Lieberman είναι ο υπουργός εξωτερικών του Ισραήλ. Ακροδεξιός και γενικώς ακραίος πολιτικός. Το 2004 κατέθεσε το γνωστό σχέδιο Lieberman που όχι μόνο προνοούσε την επέκταση του Ισραηλινού κράτους στις Παλαιστινιακές περιοχές, αλλά και την εκδίωξη των Ισραηλινών Αράβων από το Ισραήλ! Όπως και να ΄χει, ο υπουργός εξωτερικών του Ισραήλ, είπε τα ακόλουθα προχτές σε Ισραηλινό ραδιοφωνικό σταθμό:

Υπάρχουν πολλές διαμάχες στον κόσμο που δεν κατέληξαν σε συνολική λύση και οι άνθρωποι έμαθαν να ζουν μ’ αυτό (όπως στην Κύπρο, το Ναγκόρνο Καραμπάχ, και τα νησιά Φώκλαντ).

Αυτό πάει να πει συνέχιση του status quo.  Με άλλα λόγια η Κύπρος έγινε μοντέλο γι’ αυτούς που θέλουν να κρατήσουν και τα αβγά και τα καλάθια. Πάντως, δεν είναι η πρώτη φορά που ο  Lieberman ασχολείται με την Κύπρο. Πριν μερικά χρόνια είχε πει το εξής αναφερόμενος στο Μεσανατολικό πρόβλημα:

Νομίζω η λύση δύο κρατών είναι η καλύτερη λύση. Η Κύπρος είναι το καλύτερο μοντέλο. Πριν το 1974 οι Έλληνες  και οι Τούρκοι ζούσανε μαζί και υπήρχαν προστριβές, αιματοχυσία και τρόμος. Μετά το 1974, βάλανε όλους τους Τούρκους σε ένα μέρος του νησιού, τους Έλληνες στο άλλο μέρος του νησιού και τώρα υπάρχει σταθερότητα και ασφάλεια.

Κάποιος  δημοσιογράφος βρέθηκε να του πει πως χιλιάδες άνθρωποι διώχθηκαν από τα σπίτια τους στην Κύπρο αλλά αυτός το βιολί του. “Ναι,” απάντησε, “αλλά το τελικό αποτέλεσμα ήταν καλύτερο.”

Τώρα αν πω τίποτα θα με βγάλουν και αντισημιτιστή… Θυμίζει τίποτα στον κύριο  Lieberman αυτό το “καλό” μοντέλο; Χιλιάδες άνθρωποι να διώκονται από τα σπίτια τους, οι περιουσίες τους να πουλιούνται, και στο τέλος να μην επιστρέφουν ποτέ πίσω; Τελικό μοντέλο, τελική λύση…τελικά τ’ ακούσαμε όλα.

“Μοντέλο Κύπρου.” Σημειώστε το. Σε λίγο θα διδάσκεται σε όλες τις  διπλωματικές σχολές των μεγάλων πανεπιστημίων του κόσμου.

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‘The Jewish Chronicle’
«Lieberman: Cyprus the blueprint for peace»
14 Μαΐου 2009
Stephen Pollard

Israel’s controversial Foreign Minister, Avigdor Lieberman, appears to have persuaded Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu to adopt a peace plan which the leader of Yisrael Beiteinu views as an alternative to the two-state solution as it is usually defined.

Mr Lieberman, who has been visiting European capitals, revealed the outlines of his plan at a reception in London on Tuesday, on the eve of his meeting with British Foreign Secretary David Miliband. He also discussed the plan, which he has floated before, in Italy last week.

Mr Lieberman made clear that the Israeli government is basing its approach on the model provided by the Cyprus conflict. After some population transfers, the Greek and Turkish populations now live in wholly separate areas. They co-exist after a de facto peace agreement. The Greek area is the internationally recognised state of Cyprus; the Turkish zone is run autonomously but depends on Turkey, the only country which recognises it, for support.

Mr Lieberman said that Cyprus showed how “friction and tension and bloodshed” can be replaced by “security, stability and prosperity”. He continued: “This kind of solution can grow. It is very similar to us.”

As the JC reported two weeks ago, Mr Netanyahu is expected to tell President Obama in Washington next week that Israel will accept a two-state solution. But it is clear from Mr Lieberman’s remarks that the Israeli concept of “two-state solution” is very different to that of the Americans.

The Foreign Minister said that there were three “solutions” for hostile communities living together. The first was typified by the creation of Czechoslovakia after the First World War, but that, as the annexation by Germany of the Sudetenland showed, “if you remember history this is a very bad solution”.

The second was the Good Friday agreement in Northern Island. This, he said, was “a very good solution. The problem? It took 800 years. I’m not sure we have 800 years.”

The third model was Cyprus. “I think we have more interest in this,” he said. “In Cyprus after 1974 it was the same situation as in Israel. Greeks and Turks were living together, there was friction and tension and bloodshed.” Separation had brought peace and prosperity.

The Foreign Minister was speaking in the London home of JNF chairman Samuel Hayek. Demonstrators threw bagels at those attending, and Mr Lieberman’s security guards delayed his arrival until the demonstration had been dispersed.

In a wide-ranging talk, he said that he rejected the word “peace” because “I’m not sure that we have partners for peace. What we can provide for ourselves is, first of all, security.” But he made clear that he wanted to see “a comprehensive solution… in the next two to three years”.

Mr Lieberman also said that the European focus on the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians is “a misunderstanding… We have some trouble with the Palestinian Authority but the real conflict in the Middle East is between the extremist Islamic wing and moderate people and countries. The PA is not afraid of Israel. They really face a very serious fight, but not with Israel but from Hamas and jihad”.

The conflict, he said, was at root caused by Iran: “The biggest threat to all our interests, the biggest threat to the US… the biggest threat to Western Europe is Iran.” Iran intends to take power in Lebanon through its proxy, Hizbollah, he said.

On Wednesday, Mr Lieberman met Mr Miliband. MPs Richard Burden, Jeremy Corbyn, Martin Linton and Baroness Jenny Tonge protested outside the FCO as he arrived.

The two ministers expressed “deep concern” about Iran’s nuclear intentions and destabilising actions in the region. However, unlike Mr Lieberman, Mr Miliband has been a champion of the Arab Peace Initiative (API) first proposed seven years ago by Saudi Arabia, offering Israel full recognition and normalisation of relations with Arab states.

Speaking in Riyadh last month, Mr Miliband said that the API “was not given the attention it deserved”. He told the Saudis that there should be not a two-state solution “but a 23-state solution – 22 members of the Arab League plus Israel”. On Monday, King Abdullah of Jordan talked of a 57-state solution – meaning every Muslim nation.

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‘Reuters’
«Lieberman says peace deal seems “impossible”»
08 Οκτωβρίου 2009
edited by Samia Nakhoul

Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman met U.S. President Barack Obama’s envoy George Mitchell on Thursday. Earlier, Lieberman made the following remarks to Israel Radio. The translation from Hebrew is by Reuters:

“In the years since Oslo (the interim peace accords of 1993), every Israeli leader has tried but has not reached a comprehensive peace … Why didn’t they achieve the end of conflict? Why didn’t they reach a comprehensive agreement? Because it seems that it’s impossible to reach.

“And I say again that whoever says that it’s possible to reach in the coming years a comprehensive agreement that means the end of conflict, that both sides sign up to the end of conflict, simply does not understand the reality. He is spreading illusions and in the end brings only disappointment and drags us into comprehensive confrontation.

“I will tell him (Mitchell) clearly: there are many conflicts in the world that haven’t reached a comprehensive solution and people have learned to live with this (he then cites Cyprus, Nagorno-Karabakh and the Falkland Islands)….

“But together with this, those people made the most dramatic decision — to renounce the use of force, to give up terror and to stop inciting one against the other. And only after a period like this, of calm, of stability, is it possible to reach a comprehensive agreement.

“Until then, it is not possible to solve the core issues.

“We need to be realistic. Not to live with illusions or create expectations that are impossible to realise. The failure to realise those high expectations in the end cause frustration and push people towards violence.”

Q: So we sit and do nothing?

“On the contrary. We act. Here, what it is possible to reach is a long-term intermediate agreement and that is the only thing. A long-term intermediate agreement that leaves the tough issues for a much later stage.

“You can’t coerce peace. You can create peace. And the correct order is first and foremost security and economy and stability, and afterwards a peace agreement. Every time, we have tried to change the order. First a peace agreement and afterwards we’ll create security and economy and stability. It doesn’t work. After 16 years we can conclude that, apparently, the patent has failed.”


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